Fossil herbivore stable isotopes reveal middle Pleistocene hominin palaeoenvironment in ‘Green Arabia’

  title={Fossil herbivore stable isotopes reveal middle Pleistocene hominin palaeoenvironment in ‘Green Arabia’},
  author={Patrick Roberts and Mathew Stewart and Abdulaziz N. Alagaili and Paul S. Breeze and Ian Candy and Nicholas Drake and Huw S. Groucutt and Eleanor M. L. Scerri and Julia A Lee-Thorp and Julien Louys and Iyad S. Zalmout and Yahya S. A. Al-Mufarreh and Jana Zech and Abdullah M. Alsharekh and Abdulaziz al Omari and Nicole Boivin and Michael D. Petraglia},
  journal={Nature Ecology \& Evolution},
Despite its largely hyper-arid and inhospitable climate today, the Arabian Peninsula is emerging as an important area for investigating Pleistocene hominin dispersals. Recently, a member of our own species was found in northern Arabia dating to ca. 90 ka, while stone tools and fossil finds have hinted at an earlier, middle Pleistocene, hominin presence. However, there remain few direct insights into Pleistocene environments, and associated hominin adaptations, that accompanied the movement of… 

A taxonomic and taphonomic study of Pleistocene fossil deposits from the western Nefud Desert, Saudi Arabia

Abstract Over the past decade, a growing interest has developed on the archaeology, palaeontology, and palaeoenvironments of the Arabian Peninsula. It is now clear that hominins repeatedly dispersed

The expansion of Acheulean hominins into the Nefud Desert of Arabia

The first dated Acheulean site from the Nefud Desert of northern Saudi Arabia is reported, together with palaeoecological evidence for an associated deep, probably fresh-water, lake and luminescence ages indicate that the associated artefacts date to MIS 9.

Isotopic evidence for initial coastal colonization and subsequent diversification in the human occupation of Wallacea

Stable carbon and oxygen isotope analysis is applied to human and faunal tooth enamel from six Late Pleistocene to Holocene archaeological sites across Wallacea to demonstrate that the earliest human forager found in the region c .

Human footprints provide snapshot of last interglacial ecology in the Arabian interior

It is concluded that visitation to the lake was transient, likely serving as a place to drink and to forage, and that late Pleistocene human and mammalian migrations and landscape use patterns in Arabia were inexorably linked.

Pluvial periods in Southern Arabia over the last 1.1 million-years

Hominin Ecology of the Early Oldowan 2 Ma

Environmental change is key for human evolution, especially at times of anatomical and behavioral change in life histories, such as the origin of meat consumption, economic diversification, and

Earliest Olduvai hominins exploited unstable environments ~ 2 million years ago

A multiproxy dataset from Ewass Oldupa, in the Western Plio-Pleistocene rift basin of Olduvai Gorge (now Oldupai), Tanzania, is reported to address this lacuna and offer an ecological perspective on human adaptability two million years ago.



Isotopic evidence for an early shift to C4 resources by Pliocene hominins in Chad

Carbon isotope data show that Australopithecus bahrelghazali individuals from Koro Toro in Chad are significantly enriched in 13C, indicating a dependence on C4 resources, extending the pattern of C4 dependence seen in Paranthropus boisei in East Africa by more than 1.5 million years.

Implications for biogeography and hominin dispersals

19 Plio-Pleistocene faunal turnovers and their implications for hominin dispersals have recently received 20 considerable attention. Exploration and palaeontological study of faunal exchanges has

Hominin Dispersal into the Nefud Desert and Middle Palaeolithic Settlement along the Jubbah Palaeolake, Northern Arabia

The discovery of three stratified and buried archaeological sites in the Nefud Desert is described, which includes the oldest dated occupation for the region and stone tool assemblages are identified as a Middle Palaeolithic industry that includes Levallois manufacturing methods and the production of tools on flakes.

Aridity and hominin environments

It is suggested that changes in the abundance of C4 grass and grazing herbivores in eastern Africa during the Pliocene and Pleistocene may have been decoupled from aridity, and as in modern African ecosystems, other factors, such as rainfall seasonality or ecological interactions among plants and mammals, may be important for understanding the evolution of C 4 grass- and grazer-dominated biomes.

Earliest known hominin activity in the Philippines by 709 thousand years ago

Stone tools and a disarticulated and butchered skeleton of Rhinoceros philippinensis, found in a securely dated stratigraphic context, indicate the presence of an unknown hominin population in the Philippines as early as 709 thousand years ago, which pushes back the proven period of colonization of the Philippines by hundreds of thousands of years.