Forward inference using functional neuroimaging: dissociations versus associations.

@article{Henson2006ForwardIU,
  title={Forward inference using functional neuroimaging: dissociations versus associations.},
  author={Richard N. A. Henson},
  journal={Trends in cognitive sciences},
  year={2006},
  volume={10 2},
  pages={64-9}
}
Many people are excited by functional neuroimaging as a new tool for cognitive science; many others are sceptical. In this opinion article, I describe a 'forward inference' that one can make from patterns of brain activity to distinguish between cognitive theories. I give an example of forward inferences in research on recognition memory, and outline some statistical criteria for a 'qualitative difference' in brain activity. Forward inferences resemble the dissociation logic long-used in… CONTINUE READING
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