Forward blocking depends on retrospective inferences about the presence of the blocked cue during the elemental phase.

@article{De2002ForwardBD,
  title={Forward blocking depends on retrospective inferences about the presence of the blocked cue during the elemental phase.},
  author={Houwer Jan De},
  journal={Memory & cognition},
  year={2002},
  volume={30 1},
  pages={24-33}
}
When a compound cue AT is followed by an outcome (AT+), human participants will judge the relation between cue T and the outcome to be less strong if A alone was previously paired with the outcome (A+). According to the probabilistic contrast model, such a blocking effect is due to the fact that participants regard the A+ trials as trials on which A and the outcome are present but T is absent. The results of two studies showed that when the status of T was ambiguous during the A+ trials… CONTINUE READING

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