Fortune favors the ( ): Effects of disfluency on educational outcomes

@article{DiemandYauman2011FortuneFT,
  title={Fortune favors the 
 
 (
 
 ): Effects of disfluency on educational outcomes},
  author={Connor Diemand-Yauman and Daniel M. Oppenheimer and Erikka B. Vaughan},
  journal={Cognition},
  year={2011},
  volume={118},
  pages={111-115}
}
Previous research has shown that disfluency--the subjective experience of difficulty associated with cognitive operations - leads to deeper processing. Two studies explore the extent to which this deeper processing engendered by disfluency interventions can lead to improved memory performance. Study 1 found that information in hard-to-read fonts was better remembered than easier to read information in a controlled laboratory setting. Study 2 extended this finding to high school classrooms. The… Expand
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Effects of Disfluent Kanji Fonts on Reading Retention with E-Book
  • Ming-Hsin Lee
  • Computer Science
  • 2013 IEEE 13th International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies
  • 2013
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The results suggested that the disfluent font of the learning texts could produce significant improvements in reading retention and the effect of disfluency by varying Japanese kanji fonts for students who are learning Japanese as a second language. Expand
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As counterpart of fluency, the concept of disfluency refers to the metacognitive experience of ease or difficulty associated with completing a mental task. If task completion is perceived as easy orExpand
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