Fortresses and fashion statements: gentry castles in fourteenth-century Northumberland

  title={Fortresses and fashion statements: gentry castles in fourteenth-century Northumberland},
  author={A. King},
  journal={Journal of Medieval History},
  pages={372 - 397}
  • A. King
  • Published 2007
  • History
  • Journal of Medieval History
  • The fourteenth century saw a dramatic upsurge of new castle building in northern England. Not unreasonably, historians have associated this with the Scottish wars, seeing this proliferation as a direct response to Scottish raiding, and assuming that these castles were designed and built solely to perform a defensive military function. However, recent work on castles has questioned such purely functionalist interpretations. This article examines the castles built in the fourteenth century by the… CONTINUE READING
    4 Citations


    154. The tower-houses which proliferated in Ireland seem to have been a development of the fifteenth-century, largely independent of architectural fashions in England. They are discussed by McNeill
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    17 (where it is described as 'une tour'); 'A northern chronicle
    • English historical literature in the fifteenth century
    • 1913
    212; Calendar of inquisitions miscellaneous, 1399e1422, no. 233. 151 Northumberland and Durham deeds, 233; 'Black book of Hexham
      As a royal writ of 1356 put it
        Border holds, 284 note
          Cresswell is not listed in the 1415 survey. The latest survey of the tower suggests that 'the arches of the first-floor fireplaces . seem unlikely to be any earlier than the fifteenth century
            East Anglia, central England and Wales (Cambridge, 2000), 432e5; Coulson, 'Fourteenth-Century castles
              Excavation and survey
              • Archaeology in Northumberland national park
              • 2004
              For Bagot's career, see Nigel Saul
              • HoC
              • 1997
              For Dunstanburgh's isolated site, see King, 'Lordship, castles and locality