Formulation optimization of estradiol microemulsion using response surface methodology.

The aim of the current study was to find an optimal estradiol-loaded microemulsion with higher permeation rate and shortened lag time (LT) for transdermal application by using a response surface methodology (RSM) and constrained mixture design. Isopropyl myristate (X1 ), distilled water (X2 ), and ethanol (X3 ) were selected as independent variables… (More)