Formulation effects of topical emulsions on transdermal and dermal delivery.

  title={Formulation effects of topical emulsions on transdermal and dermal delivery.},
  author={Anja Otto and Jeanetta du Plessis and Johann W. Wiechers},
  journal={International journal of cosmetic science},
  volume={31 1},
It has been recognized that the vehicle in which a permeant is applied to the skin has a distinctive effect on the dermal and transdermal delivery of active ingredients. The cutaneous and percutaneous absorptions can be enhanced, e.g. by an increase in thermodynamic activity, supersaturation and penetration modifiers. Furthermore, dermal and transdermal delivery can be influenced by the interactions that may occur between the vehicle and the skin on the one hand, and interactions between the… CONTINUE READING

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