Formulation and comparative characterization of chitosan, gelatin, and chitosan-gelatin-coated liposomes of CPT-11-HCl.

Abstract

Liposomes containing phosphatidylcholine and cholesterol (uncoated) and coated by chitosan, gelatin, and combination of chitosan and gelatin were prepared by the modified ethanol injection method. The aim of this work was to formulate and characterize liposomes of camptothecin (CPT)-11-HCl (Irinotecan HCl) containing chitosan, gelatin, and both polymers as coating materials; and also to increase its circulation longevity when compared with the free drug while maintaining the agent in its active lactone form. Size, shape, zeta potential, encapsulation efficiency, stability study, in vitro, and in vivo release study were used for characterization of liposomes. The size of liposomes was in the order of uncoated < chitosan coated < gelatin coated < combination of chitosan and gelatin coated. The zeta potential of liposomes was in the order of combination of chitosan and gelatin coated > chitosan coated > gelatin coated > uncoated. The formulations showed the long-term stability. The encapsulation efficiency of liposomes was in order of combination of chitosan and gelatin coated > gelatin coated > chitosan coated > uncoated. The in vitro and in vivo release of drug was observed in the order of combination chitosan and gelatin coated > gelatin coated > chitosan coated > uncoated.

DOI: 10.1080/03639040802498849

Cite this paper

@article{Shende2009FormulationAC, title={Formulation and comparative characterization of chitosan, gelatin, and chitosan-gelatin-coated liposomes of CPT-11-HCl.}, author={Pravin K Shende and R . S . Gaud}, journal={Drug development and industrial pharmacy}, year={2009}, volume={35 5}, pages={612-8} }