Forms and Functions of Emotions: Matters of Emotion–Cognition Interactions

@article{Izard2011FormsAF,
  title={Forms and Functions of Emotions: Matters of Emotion–Cognition Interactions},
  author={Carroll E. Izard},
  journal={Emotion Review},
  year={2011},
  volume={3},
  pages={371 - 378}
}
  • C. Izard
  • Published 20 September 2011
  • Psychology
  • Emotion Review
This article clarifies my current and seemingly ever-changing position on issues relating to emotions. The position derives from my differential emotions theory and it changes with new empirical findings and with insights from my own and others’ thinking and writing. The theory distinguishes between first-order emotions and emotion schemas. For example, it proposes that first-order negative emotions are attributable mainly to infants and young children in distress and to older individuals in… 
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Over the last 20 years, neuroimaging research in humans has progressively charted emotions on neural activity within distributed and interactive networks of brain regions. This work provides
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The imagination is powerful, in part, because of the emotions that can be activated by imagining future states. Imagined future states are a key feature of the L2 self-system proposed by Dƅrnyei, and
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Evidence from developmental and cognitive science is reviewed to reveal that language scaffolds concept knowledge in humans, helping humans to acquire abstract concepts such as emotion categories across the lifespan.
Emotions Are Motivating
The role of emotions in language learning motivation has been underappreciated. In this chapter we review basic emotion theory in support of the proposition that emotions just might be the most
Differential Emotions Theory as a Theory of Personality Development
In The Face of Emotions, which was Carroll Izard’s first major attempt at elaborating his differential emotions theory (DET), he stated that the book “presents a theoretical framework for the study
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