Formation of the glycan chains in the synthesis of bacterial peptidoglycan

  title={Formation of the glycan chains in the synthesis of bacterial peptidoglycan},
  author={Jean van Heijenoort},
  • J. Heijenoort
  • Published 1 March 2001
  • Biology, Chemistry
  • Glycobiology
The main structural features of bacterial peptidoglycan are linear glycan chains interlinked by short peptides. The glycan chains are composed of alternating units of N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) and N-acetylmuramic acid (MurNAc), all linkages between sugars being beta,1-->4. On the outside of the cytoplasmic membrane, two types of activities are involved in the polymerization of the peptidoglycan monomer unit: glycosyltransferases that catalyze the formation of the linear glycan chains and… 

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