Formation of the First Supermassive Black Holes

@article{Bromm2003FormationOT,
  title={Formation of the First Supermassive Black Holes},
  author={Volker Bromm and Abraham Loeb},
  journal={The Astrophysical Journal},
  year={2003},
  volume={596},
  pages={34 - 46}
}
  • V. Bromm, A. Loeb
  • Published 18 December 2002
  • Physics
  • The Astrophysical Journal
We consider the physical conditions under which supermassive black holes could have formed inside the first galaxies. Our smoothed particle hydrodynamics simulations indicate that metal-free galaxies with a virial temperature of ~104 K and suppressed H2 formation (due to an intergalactic UV background) tend to form a binary black hole system that contains a substantial fraction (≳10%) of the total baryonic mass of the host galaxy. Fragmentation into stars is suppressed without substantial H2… 

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