Formation of a crystal nucleus from liquid.

@article{Kawasaki2010FormationOA,
  title={Formation of a crystal nucleus from liquid.},
  author={Takeshi Kawasaki and Hajime Tanaka},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  year={2010},
  volume={107 32},
  pages={14036-41}
}
Crystallization is one of the most fundamental nonequilibrium phenomena universal to a variety of materials. It has so far been assumed that a supercooled liquid is in a "homogeneous disordered state" before crystallization. Contrary to this common belief, we reveal that a supercooled colloidal liquid is actually not homogeneous, but has transient medium-range structural order. We find that nucleation preferentially takes place in regions of high structural order via wetting effects, which… CONTINUE READING

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