Robots with Lights: Overcoming Obstructed Visibility Without Colliding
The traditional distributed model of autonomous, homogeneous , mobile point robots usually assumes that the robots do not create any visual obstruction for the other robots, i.e., the robots are see through. In this paper, we consider a slightly more realistic model, by incorporating the notion of obstructed visibility (i.e., robots are not see through) for other robots. Under the new model of visibility, a robot may not have the full view of its surroundings. Many of the existing algorithms demand that each robot should have the complete knowledge of the positions of other robots. Since, vision is the only mean of their communication, it is required that the robots are in general position (i.e., no three robots are collinear). We consider asynchronous robots. They also do not have common chirality (or any agreement on a global coordinate system). In this paper, we present a distributed algorithm for obtaining a general position for the robots in finite time from any arbitrary configuration. The algorithm also assures collision free motion for each robot. This algorithm may also be used as a preprocessing module for many other subsequent tasks performed by the robots.