Formation and disposition of nitrosochloramphenicol in rat liver.

It has been suggested that in the chloramphenicol-induced aplastic anemia nitrosochloramphenicol may be involved as a toxic intermediate. We found that aminochloramphenicol, which reportedly is formed from chloramphenicol by intestinal bacteria, is N-oxygenated by liver microsomes of untreated rats with apparent Km = 0.4 mM and Vmax = 0.28 nmole/min/mg… CONTINUE READING