Formation, structure, and function of extra‐skeletal bones in mammals

  title={Formation, structure, and function of extra‐skeletal bones in mammals},
  author={A. Nasoori},
  journal={Biological Reviews},
  • A. Nasoori
  • Published 2020
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Biological Reviews
  • This review describes the formation, structure, and function of bony compartments in antlers, horns, ossicones, osteoderm and the os penis/os clitoris (collectively referred to herein as AHOOO structures) in extant mammals. AHOOOs are extra‐skeletal bones that originate from subcutaneous (dermal) tissues in a wide variety of mammals, and this review elaborates on the co‐development of the bone and skin in these structures. During foetal stages, primordial cells for the bony compartments arise… CONTINUE READING
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