Format-Preserving Encryption

  title={Format-Preserving Encryption},
  author={Mihir Bellare and Thomas Ristenpart and Phillip Rogaway and Till Stegers},
  booktitle={IACR Cryptology ePrint Archive},
Format-preserving encryption (FPE) encrypts a plaintext of some specified format into a ciphertext of the same format—for example, encrypting a social-security number into a social-security number. In this survey we describe FPE and review known techniques for achieving it. These include FFX, a recent proposal made to NIST. 
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