Formalizing the Informal? The Transformation of Cairo's Refuse Collection System

@article{Assaad1996FormalizingTI,
  title={Formalizing the Informal? The Transformation of Cairo's Refuse Collection System},
  author={Ragui Assaad},
  journal={Journal of Planning Education and Research},
  year={1996},
  volume={16},
  pages={115 - 126}
}
  • R. Assaad
  • Published 1 December 1996
  • Law
  • Journal of Planning Education and Research
The paper examines recent attempts to bring Cairo's traditional refuse collection system under municipal control. Although essentially informal, this system had a well-defined set of internal rules, rights, and sanctioning mechanisms that evolved over several decades in response to a changing external environment. Attempts by the municipal authorities to "modernize" waste collection in Cairo by issuing licenses to large corporate contractors amounted to a confrontation between its legal… 
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