Formal ontology, common sense and cognitive science

  title={Formal ontology, common sense and cognitive science},
  author={Barry Smith},
  journal={Int. J. Hum. Comput. Stud.},
  • Barry Smith
  • Published 1 December 1995
  • Philosophy
  • Int. J. Hum. Comput. Stud.
Abstract Common sense is on the one hand a certain set of processes of natural cognition—of speaking, reasoning, seeing, and so on. On the other hand common sense is a system of beliefs (of folk physics and folk psychology). Over against both of these is the world of common sense, the world of objects to which the processes of natural cognition and the corresponding belief-contents standardly relate. What are the structures of this world and how does its scientific treatment relate to… 

Formal ontology , common sense and cognitive sciencet

Common sense is on the one hand a certain set of processes of natural cognition-of speaking, reasoning, seeing, and so on. On the other hand common sense is a system of beliefs (of folk physics and

Biological Agency: Its Subjective Foundations and a Large-Scale Taxonomy

It is claimed that agency can only be understood in a radically subjectivist perspective, which in turn is best grounded in a view of the mind as consciousness and experience, and a radically constructivist view of agency and of several correlate notions (like meaning and ontology).

Worlds, Models and Descriptions

The steps in the process of extracting the pair (W,R) from the world and the way people talk about the world are examined, showing that the Kripke worlds can be reinterpreted as part of a Peircean semiotic theory, which can also include contributions from many other studies in cognitive science.

Formalised Elementary Formal Ontology

Formal ontology, as the science of the formal relations that structure reality as a whole, aims at a theory of categories corresponding to the most general features of possible objects, whether

Friend or Foe? Common Sense in Science Education from the Perspective of History and Philosophy of Science

Currently there are two divergent views about the role of common sense in science learning. Educators who side with the notion of restructuring view science learning as an incremental process based

The Issue of Alethic Logic

Evandro Agazzi’s epistemological consideration of the objectivity in the sciences fully legitimates the rationality of metaphysical inquiry as well as the embedding of science into broader contexts

Signs , Processes , and Language Games Foundations for Ontology

According to Heraclitus, panta rhei — everything is in flux. But what gives that flux its form is the logos — the words or signs that enable us to perceive patterns in the flux, remember them, talk

Descriptive Phenomenology and the Problem of Consciousness

What is phenomenology's contribution to contemporary debates in the philosophy of mind? I am here concerned with this question, and in particular with phenomenology's contribution to what has come to

Sens Commun et Réalité Sociale: Perspectives Sociologiques et Philosophiques

The aim of the present article is to submit to criticism the idea, originally taken from Durkheim, that commonsense reasoning errs radically when it comes to social reality. We will begin by



A relational theory of the act

‘What is characteristic of every mental activity’, according to Brentano, is ‘the reference to something as an object. In this respect every mental activity seems to be something relational.’ But

Physics and the phenomenal world

One of the main problems of the philosophy of science is that of arriving at a plausible conception of the relations between (1) the phenomenal or commonsensical world that is apprehended in


I return to an ancient philosophical question: What kind of evidence is provided by the senses? Many will feel, I'm sure, that there is nothing new to be said about this question. And perhaps they

Review: John Macnamara, A Border Dispute. The Place of Logic in Psychology

"A Border Dispute" integrates the latest work in logic and semantics into a theory of language learning and presents six worked examples of how that theory revolutionizes cognitive

Philosophy and Common Sense

This paper raises once more the question of the relationship between philosophy on the one hand and common sense on the other. More particularly, it is concerned with the role which common sense can

Husserl, Intentionality, and Cognitive Science

As this book makes clear, current use of data structures such as frames, scripts, and stereotypes in psychology, artificial intelligence, and all the other disciplines now grouped together as

Representations of commonsense knowledge

  • E. Davis
  • Education
    notThenot Morgan Kaufmann series in representation and reasoning
  • 1990

Classical mereology and restricted domains

It is claimed that the structural differences between restricted domains are not based on different mereological concepts, but on different concepts of being a whole, which sheds more light on the specific nature of these domains, their similarities and differences.

Characteristica Universalis

The task will be to construct portions of a directly depicting language which will enable us to represent the most general structures of reality, in a no less venerable but nowadays somewhat neglected tradition of formal ontology.