Form and Function in the Early Enlightenment

  title={Form and Function in the Early Enlightenment},
  author={Noga Arikha},
  journal={Perspectives on Science},
  • Noga Arikha
  • Published 2006
  • Philosophy
  • Perspectives on Science
Many physicians, anatomists and natural philosophers engaged in attempts to map the seat of the soul during the so-called Scientific Revolution of the European seventeenth century. The history of these efforts needs to be told in light of the puzzlement bred by today's strides in the neurological sciences. The accounts discussed here, most centrally by Nicolaus Steno, Claude Perrault and Thomas Willis, betray the acknowledgement that a gap remained between observable form, on the one hand, and… Expand
The rise and decline of character: humoral psychology in ancient and early modern medical theory
  • J. Bos
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • History of the human sciences
  • 2009
This chapter discusses the decline of humoralist medical psychology in 17th-century medicine and philosophy, which can be related to a broader reorientation of psychological thought in which the traditional concept of character lost its central position. Expand
Picturing the pain of animal others: rationalising form, function and suffering in veterinary orthopaedics.
  • C. Degeling
  • Medicine
  • History and philosophy of the life sciences
  • 2009
An emerging awareness of the inability of radiographic images to apprehend or correlate to a patient's experience of their function reliably has required veterinarians to place a greater emphasis on the owner's knowledge of the "selves" inhabiting their animals. Expand
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This paper discusses de emergency of the medical discourse on issues regarding the transgressor behavior in the Lusitanian intellectual context of the eighteenth century, through the worksExpand
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Since the mid-twentieth century, the ‘Scientific Revolution’ has arguably occupied centre stage in most Westerners’, and many non-Westerners’, conceptions of science history. Yet among history ofExpand
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This structure/function correlation has thus traditionally played a dual role-as both the proof and the result of design-and one consequence has been an essential circularity of the argument from design. Expand
Walter Charleton, Robert Boyle, and the Acceptance of Epicurean Atomism in England
W ,HEN in 1649 Pierre Gassendi published his Philosophiae Epicuri syntagma, he epitomized the revival of interest in the Epicurean atomic and moral theories. This work of Gassendi, together withExpand
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Although this Catalogue of Sixteenth Century Books may be open to criticism in regard to details of structure and presentation, its importance as a contribution to medico-historical bibliography can hardly be questioned. Expand
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The vast majority of those who have investigated the history of the cardiovascular system have looked at the pre-Harveian period or at Harvey's work, and very little attention has been devoted toExpand
The fourfold Democritus on the stage of early modern science.
  • C. Lüthy
  • Philosophy, Medicine
  • Isis; an international review devoted to the history of science and its cultural influences
  • 2000
This essay argues that one of the more intriguing reasons for the motley appearance of early modern atomism is that Democritus, with whose name this doctrine was most commonly associated, was a figure of similar incoherence. Expand
The fabric of the body: European traditions of anatomical illustration
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Selected events and historical actors 1. Bodies, words, and images 2. Matter, spirit, and the heart 3. The human mind and "Gland H": Cartesian models of mind, brain, and nerves 4. When the brain cameExpand
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