Form and Function: a Contribution to the History of Animal Morphology

  title={Form and Function: a Contribution to the History of Animal Morphology},
  author={Edward Stuart Russell},
A SCHOLARLY and thoughtful book like this makes one feel how much is lost to students of biology by lack of attention to the historical development of the science. Not only is the human interest missed, but also the educativeness of tracing the history of fundamental ideas. Moreover, for lack of historical discipline, the same mistakes. are made over and over again, and sound generalisations which have ceased to be prominent are unconsciously restated as new, it may be in a form far inferior to… 
The current revival of morphology is heralded by a flourish of studies in functional anatomy with the general result being a renewed focus of interest in the problem of organic form. Recent
A Brief History of Vertebrate Functional Morphology1
Comparative anatomy, kinematic analysis and electromyography have for many years been the mainstay of vertebrate functional morphology, but those interested in animal form and function have recently begun branching out to incorporate approaches from experimental biomechanics and other disciplines.
Functional morphology and evolutionary biology
The relationship between functional morpholoy and evolutionary biology is analysed by confronting the main concepts in both disciplines by introducing important practical and experimental studies, which use aspects from both disciplines.
Form and Function (1916), by Edward Stuart Russell
In 1916, at the age of twenty-nine, Edward Stuart Russell [4] published his first major work, Form and Function [3]: a Contribution to the History of Animal Morphology. This book has maintained wide
Functional Morphology in Paleobiology: Origins of the Method of ‘Paradigms’
  • M. Rudwick
  • Geology, Medicine
    Journal of the history of biology
  • 2018
The history of the paradigm method as far as the late 1960s is taken, when for example Gould’s critique of ‘the adaptationist programme’ and the rise of computer-based quantitative methods for the evolutionary interpretation of the fossil record led to the relative eclipse of functional morphology in paleontology.
Naturalising purpose: from comparative anatomy to the 'adventure of reason'.
  • P. Huneman
  • Philosophy, Medicine
    Studies in history and philosophy of biological and biomedical sciences
  • 2006
Kant's analysis of the concept of natural purpose in the Critique of judgment captured several features of organisms that he argued warranted making them the objects of a special field of study, in
Studies on Animals and the Rise of Comparative Anatomy at and around the Parisian Royal Academy of Sciences in the Eighteenth Century
A descriptive typology of studies on animals published in the Mémoires of the Académie during the eighteenth century is proposed in order to explore the status of animals and the significance of anatomy in each type and to determine, in particular, which elements of Perrault's program were passed on at the Academie Royale des Sciences throughout the century.
Agnes Arber: form in the mind and the eye
Agnes Arber (1879–1960) was a British botanist who was a leading plant morphologist during the first half of the 20th century. She also wrote on the history and philosophy of botany. I argue in this
The emergence of evolutionary biology of behaviour in the early nineteenth century.
  • R. Richards
  • Biology, Medicine
    British journal for the history of science
  • 1982
This essay focuses on the problems that animal instinct and intelligence posed and the role behaviour has played in the rise of evolutionary thought.
Learning from Linnaeus: towards developing the foundation for a general structure concept for morphology*
Taking a closer look at Linnaeus’ sexual system, basic principles for developing a general structure concept for morphology are discussed, which would provide the conceptual basis for establishing a high degree of aperspectival objectivity for morphological data.