Forgetting the presidents

  title={Forgetting the presidents},
  author={Henry L. Roediger and K. Andrew DeSoto},
  pages={1106 - 1109}
Two studies examined how U.S. presidents are forgotten. A total of 415 undergraduates in 1974, 1991, and 2009 recalled as many presidents as possible and attempted to place them in their correct ordinal positions. All showed roughly linear forgetting of the eight or nine presidents prior to the president holding office at the time, and recall of presidents without respect to ordinal position also showed a regular pattern of forgetting. Similar outcomes occurred with 497 adults (ages 18 to 69… 
Remembering the Presidents
Here we report research on how important historical figures—presidents of the United States—are remembered and forgotten. When students are given 5 min to recall presidents (in order, if possible),
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The ability of 326 online subjects to recognize U.S. presidents when presented with their full names among various types of lures supports the theory that false fame can arise from contextual familiarity.
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Together, the studies show that Americans’ memory for the faces of the presidents is somewhat worse than theirMemory for the names of the president but still follows the same pattern, indicating that collective memories contain more than just verbal information.
The rising of collective forgetting and cultural selectivity in inventors and physicists communities
These findings provide empirical confirmation on the forgetting as an annulment hypothesis and show that knowledge communities can effectively slow down the rising of collective forgetting at improving their cultural selectivity.
How Facebook, fake news and friends are warping your memory
It is shown that social networks powerfully shape memory, and that people need little prompting to conform to a majority recollection — even if it is wrong.
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It is found that most subjects remembered leaders due to class and coursework, and a relation between a leader’s recall probability and the amount of information available on that leader on the Internet was found.
How quickly we forget
When it is possible, as in the study by Roediger and DeSoto on page 1106 of this issue, combining both approaches is the most productive strategy.
AP-AMPJ210069 1067..1087
How long will this article be remembered? How long will people reference it in their conversations, and for how many years will other authors cite its findings in their own works? A community’s


A serial position effect in recall of United States presidents
College students asked to recall the names of all the presidents of the United States, either in their order of occurrence or in any order, produce a classical serial position curve with best
Evidence for similar principles in episodic and semantic memory: The presidential serial position function
  • I. Neath
  • Psychology
    Memory & cognition
  • 2010
A local distinctiveness model of memory, SIMPLE, successfully fit the presidential data using two underlying dimensions: one corresponding to item (or presidential) distinctiveness and the other to order (or positional) distinctness.
Genuine power curves in forgetting: A quantitative analysis of individual subject forgetting functions
An analysis of individual subject forgetting functions shows that they, too, are described much better by a power function than by an exponential, whether arithmetic or geometric averaging is used.
The Foundations of Remembering : Essays in Honor of Henry L. Roediger, III
Nairne, Roddy Roediger's Memory. Bjork, Bjork, Caughey, Retrieval as a Self-Limiting Process: Part II. Tulving, Are There 256 Different Kinds of Memory? Greene, Foxes, Hedgehogs, and Mirror Effects:
One hundred years of forgetting: A quantitative description of retention
This article asks whether there is one retention function that can describe all of memory, or perhaps a different function for each of a small number of different kinds of memory and argues that to obtain such a balance more description is needed.
Further evidence that similar principles govern recall from episodic and semantic memory: the Canadian prime ministerial serial position function.
  • I. Neath, J. Saint-Aubin
  • Psychology
    Canadian journal of experimental psychology = Revue canadienne de psychologie experimentale
  • 2011
Show that free recall of the prime ministers of Canada also results in a serial position function, showing that Scale Independent Memory, Perception, and Learning (SIMPLE), a local distinctiveness model of memory that was designed to account for serial position effects in episodic memory, fit the data.
Comparing serial position effects in semantic and episodic memory using reconstruction of order tasks
Abstract Participants were provided an alphabetical list of the United States presidents and were given two tasks with the list. They ordered the presidents according to terms in office in the
Three more semantic serial position functions and a SIMPLE explanation
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Collective memories of three wars in United States history in younger and older adults
The study shows that collective memories can be studied empirically and can differ depending on whether the events are experienced personally or learned from historical sources.
Reflections of the Environment in Memory
Availability of human memories for specific items shows reliable relationships to frequency, recency, and pattern of prior exposures to the item. These relationships have defied a systematic