Forest Carbon Accounting Considerations in US Bioenergy Policy

@article{Miner2014ForestCA,
  title={Forest Carbon Accounting Considerations in US Bioenergy Policy},
  author={Reid Miner and Robert C Abt and Jim L. Bowyer and Marilyn A. Buford and Robert W. Malmsheimer and Jay. O'Laughlin and Elaine E. Oneil and Roger A. Sedjo and Kenneth E. Skog},
  journal={Journal of Forestry},
  year={2014},
  volume={112},
  pages={591-606}
}
Four research-based insights are essential to understanding forest bioenergy and “carbon debts.” (1) As long as wood-producing land remains in forest, long-lived wood products and forest bioenergy reduce fossil fuel use and long-term carbon emission impacts. (2) Increased demand for wood can trigger investments that increase forest area and forest productivity and reduce carbon impacts associated with increased harvesting. (3) The carbon debt concept emphasizes short-term concerns about… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Assessing the potential for unaccounted emissions from bioenergy and the implications for forests: The United States and global

Development of the bioenergy sector is being actively pursued in many countries as a means to reduce climate change and fulfill international climate agreements such as the Paris Agreement. Although

Climate, economic, and environmental impacts of producing wood for bioenergy

Increasing combustion of woody biomass for electricity has raised concerns and produced conflicting statements about impacts on atmospheric greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations, climate, and other

Economic Impact of Net Carbon Payments and Bioenergy Production in Fertilized and Non-Fertilized Loblolly Pine Plantations

TLDR
This study investigates the impact of both carbon and woody bioenergy markets on land expectation value (LEV) and rotation age of loblolly pine forests in the southeastern United States for two scenarios—one with thinning and no fertilization and the other withthinning and fertilization.

On the contribution of forest bioenergy to climate change mitigation

Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions have to be drastically reduced to keep global warming below 2 degrees. Bioenergy can play a role in climate change mitigation by substituting for fossil fuels. However,

The climate effect of increased forest bioenergy use in Sweden: evaluation at different spatial and temporal scales

Bioenergy from boreal forests managed for productive purposes (e.g., pulp, timber) is commonly held to offer attractive options for climate change mitigation. However, this view has been challenged

A global meta‐analysis of forest bioenergy greenhouse gas emission accounting studies

The potential greenhouse gas benefits of displacing fossil energy with biofuels are driving policy development in the absence of complete information. The potential carbon neutrality of forest

Not carbon neutral: Assessing the net emissions impact of residues burned for bioenergy

Climate mitigation requires emissions to peak then decline within two decades, but many mitigation models include 100 EJ or more of bioenergy, ignoring emissions from biomass oxidation. Treatment of

The Economics of Forest Carbon Offsets

Annually, nearly 500 gigatonnes of CO2 are exchanged between terrestrial ecosystems and the atmosphere, and this exchange is clearly affected by human activities related to the Earth's forests.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 143 REFERENCES

Forest bioenergy or forest carbon? Assessing trade-offs in greenhouse gas mitigation with wood-based fuels.

TLDR
This work integrates life cycle assessment (LCA) and forest carbon analysis to assess total GHG emissions of forest bioenergy over time and suggests the integrated LCA/forest carbon approach be undertaken for bioenergy studies.

Carbon debt and carbon sequestration parity in forest bioenergy production

The capacity for forests to aid in climate change mitigation efforts is substantial but will ultimately depend on their management. If forests remain unharvested, they can further mitigate the

Forest bioenergy climate impact can be improved by allocating forest residue removal

Bioenergy from forest residues can be used to avoid fossil carbon emissions, but removing biomass from forests reduces carbon stock sizes and carbon input to litter and soil. The magnitude and

Is woody bioenergy carbon neutral? A comparative assessment of emissions from consumption of woody bioenergy and fossil fuel

Under the current accounting systems, emissions produced when biomass is burnt for energy are accounted as zero, resulting in what is referred to as the ‘carbon neutrality’ assumption. However, if

Economic approach to assess the forest carbon implications of biomass energy.

TLDR
It is shown that when market factors are included in the analysis, expanded demand for biomass energy increases timber prices and harvests, but reduces net global carbon emissions because higher wood prices lead to new investments in forest stocks.

INTEGRATING PRODUCTS, EMISSION OFFSETS, AND WILDFIRE INTO CARBON ASSESSMENTS OF INLAND NORTHWEST FORESTS

Forest inventory and harvest data from life-cycle inventory and life-cycle assessment for the forest resources of the Inland Northwest region covering Idaho, Montana, and eastern Washington were used

Net change in carbon emissions with increased wood energy use in the United States

Use of wood biomass for energy results in carbon (C) emissions at the time of burning and alters C stocks on the land because of harvest, regrowth, and changes in land use or management. This study

Managing Forests because Carbon Matters: Integrating Energy, Products, and Land Management Policy

The United States needs many different types of forests: some managed for wood products plus other benefits, and some managed for nonconsumptive uses and benefits. The objective of reducing global

Does wood bioenergy increase carbon stocks in forests

Wood bioenergy is touted as carbon neutral because biological regrowth recaptures the carbon released in energy production. However, some argue that using wood as an energy feedstock will result in
...