Forensic and historical aspects of crucifixion

  title={Forensic and historical aspects of crucifixion},
  author={R. Byard},
  journal={Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology},
  • R. Byard
  • Published 2016
  • History, Medicine
  • Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
Crucifixion is a particularly brutal form of execution which clearly fulfils the definition of torture as ‘‘an aggravated and deliberate form of cruel, inhumane or degrading treatment or punishment,’’ ‘‘where severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted’’ [2]. As it consists of suspending a victim by his or her arms from a cross beam until death occurs it forms part of the spectrum of positional torture discussed in the paper by Pollanen on reverse hanging [3… Expand
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Over the last few decades, the field of medicine has paid significant attention to the causes of death by crucifixion. This medical interest parallels renewed interest in crucifixion in New TestamentExpand
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The history and pathology of crucifixion.
  • F. Retief, L. Cilliers
  • Medicine
  • South African medical journal = Suid-Afrikaanse tydskrif vir geneeskunde
  • 2003
Death in Roman times was due to multifactorial pathology: after-effects of compulsory scourging and maiming, haemorrhage and dehydration causing hypovolaemic shock and pain, but the most important factor was progressive asphyxia caused by impairment of respiratory movement. Expand
On the physical death of Jesus Christ.
Modern medical interpretation of the historical evidence indicates that Jesus was dead when taken down from the cross, and death resulted primarily from hypovolemic shock and exhaustion asphyxia. Expand
Medical theories on the cause of death in crucifixion.
  • J. Scotson
  • Medicine
  • Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
  • 2006
I write as one who for many years has taken in the Shroud of Turin; and who has visited Turin twice to see this piece of linen bearing on its surface the imprints of a man whose body has beenExpand
Execution by crucifixion. History, methods and cause of death.
Crucifixion, as a method of execution was practiced in many cultures before it was outlawed in the Roman Empire by Constantine in 341 C.E., but it has been used sporadically since then. RecentExpand
Fatal rhabdomyolysis after torture by reverse hanging
  • M. Pollanen
  • Medicine
  • Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
  • 2016
This case reveals that fatal rhabdomyolysis can occur by positional torture in a stress position, despite the absence of direct trauma due to blunt impacts, and underscores the importance of conducting autopsies on people who die in custody. Expand
The crucifixion of Jesus: review of hypothesized mechanisms of death and implications of shock and trauma-induced coagulopathy.
Traumatic shock complicated by trauma-induced coagulopathy is proposed as a contributing factor, and possibly the primary mechanism, of Jesus' death by crucifixion. Expand
The crucifixion revisited.
  • D. A. Ball
  • Medicine
  • Journal of the Mississippi State Medical Association
  • 2008
The author has done spirometry studies of volunteers hanging on a cross and has a better understanding of the physiology of the terminal events of the crucifixion of Jesus. Expand
Conditions and circumstances predisposing to death from positional asphyxia in adults.
Examination of autopsy files at Forensic Science SA revealed instances where positional asphyxia resulted from inadvertent positioning that compromised respiration due to intoxication, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, Parkinson disease, Steele-Richardson-Olszewski syndrome, Lafora disease and quadriplegia. Expand
Deaths in a head-down position: a case report and review of the literature
A case of an 82-year-old woman found stuck in the railings of the staircase leading to her house, her body freely suspended downward below the stairs, where death was finally attributed to a head-down position when correlating the autopsy findings with elements from the scene. Expand
The Spectrum of Findings in Cases of Sudden Death Due to Blunt Cardiac Trauma—‘Commotio Cordis’
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