Foreign bodies of the gastrointestinal tract, surgical considerations.

  title={Foreign bodies of the gastrointestinal tract, surgical considerations.},
  author={M Bakaleinik},
  journal={Military medicine},
  volume={154 1},
Foreign bodies (FBs) of the pharynx are likely to stop at the palatine or lingual tonsils, the cricopharyngeal muscle, or the beginning of the esophagus; they may be removed with direct vision. FBs of the esophagus should be located by esophagram; endoscopy may be diagnostic and therapeutic; sharp objects may cause laceration and vascular injury. In the stomach, the FB may pass through the intestinal tract or stop at the pylorus or duodenum; if after 5-6 days there is no evidence of passage in… 
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