Foreground–background segmentation and attention: A change blindness study

  title={Foreground–background segmentation and attention: A change blindness study},
  author={Veronica Mazza and Massimo Turatto and Carlo Umilta},
  journal={Psychological Research},
One of the most debated questions in visual attention research is what factors affect the deployment of attention in the visual scene? Segmentation processes are influential factors, providing candidate objects for further attentional selection, and the relevant literature has concentrated on how figure–ground segmentation mechanisms influence visual attention. However, another crucial process, namely foreground–background segmentation, seems to have been neglected. By using a change blindness… 


Change blindness represents extreme difficulty in detecting changes in the visual field induced by brief blank screen interjected in between two alternating images. In the process of searching for a

Figure-Ground Segmentation Can Occur Without Attention

It is demonstrated that figure-ground segmentation can occur without focal attention by asking participants to perform a demanding change-detection task on a small matrix presented on a task-irrelevant scene of alternating regions organized into figures and grounds by convexity.

Orienting of visuo‐spatial attention in complex 3D space: Search and detection

The findings indicate that visual search with binocular cues does not impose any specific requirement on attention‐controlling fronto‐parietal networks, while the enhanced detection of front/near objects in the bmC condition reflects bottom‐up sensory processes in visual cortex.

The Foreground Bias: Initial Scene Representations Across the Depth Plane

It is concluded that the foreground bias arises from initial processing of scenes for understanding and suggests that scene information closer to the observer is initially prioritized.

Visual saliency computation for image analysis

A Boolean Map Saliency (BMS) model is proposed which leverages the global surroundedness cue using a Boolean map representation and a theoretic connection between BMS and the Minimum Barrier Distance (MBD) transform is drawn to provide insight into the algorithm.

Change Detection is Easier at Texture Border Bars When They are Parallel to the Border: Evidence for V1 Mechanisms of Bottom-up Salience

It is shown that colour changes in texture bars are more detectable when the bars are parallel to the texture border, and this finding supports V1 mechanisms for bottom—up salience.

Exploiting color name space for salient object detection

This paper investigates the contribution of color names for the task of salient object detection by exploiting a surroundedness cue to obtain a saliency map through a linear combination of a set of sequential attention maps.

Robust Salient Object Detection via Fusing Foreground and Background Priors

A novel bottom-up salient object detection framework which considers both foreground and background priors in detecting process is proposed, and extensive experimental evaluation demonstrates the effectiveness of the proposed framework against other outstanding methods.

Salient region detection based on binocular vision

This study shows that the proposed region-based saliency computational method can effectively detect salient region, and it is more suitable for real time applications such as obstacle detection and visual navigation for its simplicity.

Relative contributions of 2D and 3D cues in a texture segmentation task, implications for the roles of striate and extrastriate cortex in attentional selection.

The findings suggest that, without other top-down factors, V1 plays a dominant role in attentional guidance during an initial window of processing, while cortical areas beyond V1 play an increasing role in later processing.



Segmentation, attention and phenomenal visual objects

Perceptual conditions necessary to induce change blindness

Change blindness is a failure to detect a change in an scene when the change occurs along with some visual disturbances. Disturbances are thought to play a delocalizing role that affects the saliency

Attenuated Change Blindness for Exogenously Attended Items in a Flicker Paradigm

When two scenes are alternately displayed, separated by a mask, even large, repeated changes between the scenes often go unnoticed for surprisingly long durations. Change blindness of this sort is

Objects and attention: the state of the art

TO SEE OR NOT TO SEE: The Need for Attention to Perceive Changes in Scenes

When looking at a scene, observers feel that they see its entire structure in great detail and can immediately notice any changes in it. However, when brief blank fields are placed between

Movement and visual attention: the spotlight metaphor breaks down.

  • J. DriverG. Baylis
  • Psychology
    Journal of experimental psychology. Human perception and performance
  • 1989
Four experiments show that grouping of target and distractors by common motion can have more influence than their proximity, implying that attention is directed to perceptual groups whose components may be spatially dispersed.

Preserved figure-ground segregation and symmetry perception in visual neglect

A CENTRAL controversy in current research on visual attention is whether figures are segregated from their background preattentively1–8, or whether attention is first directed to unstructured regions

The Dynamic Representation of Scenes

One of the more powerful impressions created by vision is that of a coherent, richly detailed world where everything is present simultaneously. Indeed, this impression is so compelling that we tend

Selective attention and the organization of visual information.

  • J. Duncan
  • Psychology
    Journal of experimental psychology. General
  • 1984
A view in which parallel, preattentive processes serve to segment the field into separate objects, followed by a process of focal attention that deals with only one object at a time is able to account for results taken to support both discrimination-based and space-based theories.