Cardiac dysrhythmia produced by Mesobuthus tamulus venom involves NO-dependent G-Cyclase signaling pathway
Static and dynamic chrono-inotropic responses were recorded from both normal and hypertrophic rat auricular myocardium. The slope of the static force-frequency relation for hypertrophic hearts was steeper than that for control hearts. Computer experiments were designed to study the cellular mechanisms underlying the changes in the force-frequency response associated with heart hypertrophy, with the aid of a mathematical model for excitation-contraction coupling in rat heart. A set of equations was derived which permitted to study the effects on the chronoinotropic relations of both the geometrical dimensions of cardiomyocytes and the sarcoplasmic reticulum, and of the variation in activity of mechanisms for Ca movements through the sarcolemma and the sarcoreticular membrane. A comparison of data obtained from simulated and real experiments suggested that the features characteristic of force-frequency relations for hypertrophic heart are a result of an enhanced volume of intracellular Ca-stores rather than of the total volume of the cardiomyocyte.