Force-dependent chemical kinetics of disulfide bond reduction observed with single-molecule techniques.


The mechanism by which mechanical force regulates the kinetics of a chemical reaction is unknown. Here, we use single-molecule force-clamp spectroscopy and protein engineering to study the effect of force on the kinetics of thiol/disulfide exchange. Reduction of disulfide bonds through the thiol/disulfide exchange chemical reaction is crucial in regulating… (More)


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