Foramen magnum position in bipedal mammals.

@article{Russo2013ForamenMP,
  title={Foramen magnum position in bipedal mammals.},
  author={Gabrielle A Russo and Ellen Kirk},
  journal={Journal of human evolution},
  year={2013},
  volume={65 5},
  pages={656-70}
}
The anterior position of the human foramen magnum is often explained as an adaptation for maintaining balance of the head atop the cervical vertebral column during bipedalism and the assumption of orthograde trunk postures. Accordingly, the relative placement of the foramen magnum on the basicranium has been used to infer bipedal locomotion and hominin status for a number of Mio-Pliocene fossil taxa. Nonetheless, previous studies have struggled to validate the functional link between foramen… CONTINUE READING

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