Forager-Traders in South and Southeast Asia: Pepper in the hills: upland–lowland exchange and the intensification of the spice trade

  title={Forager-Traders in South and Southeast Asia: Pepper in the hills: upland–lowland exchange and the intensification of the spice trade},
  author={Kathleen D. Morrison},
There is a longstanding history in South Asia of relations of exchange and interdependence between agriculturalists and peoples involved in the hunting of wild animals and the gathering of wild plants. These relationships, far from being an historically fixed and immutable, were instead marked by a high degree of variability and flexibility with specific groups of people altering their strategies in relation to ecological, demographic, and political imperatives. These points are not… 

Foragers and forager-traders in South Asian worlds: Some thoughts from the last 10,000 years

South Asia is sometimes seen as a particularly good place to study the earliest periods of human history because of the presence of contemporary peoples who gather and hunt, people usually referred

Agricultural Origins and Frontiers in South Asia: A Working Synthesis

  • D. Fuller
  • Economics, Environmental Science
  • 2006
The accumulation of recent data from archaeobotany, archaeozoology and Neolithic excavations from across South Asia warrants a new overview of early agriculture in the subcontinent. This paper

Social Aspects and Implications of “Running to the Hills”: The Case of the Beothuk Indians of Newfoundland

ABSTRACT When faced with the presence of hostile others on the landscape, hunter-gatherers may choose or be obliged to retreat to areas beyond the reach of their enemies—to run to the hills. Although

Local and Imperial Landscapes

The economic actors discussed in the previous section inhabited diverse physical geographies, from the riverine central plains of China and the forests of South Asia to the desert-steppe of northern

Tropical forests and the genus Homo

In discussions of Late Pliocene and Early Pleistocene hominin evolution, including the emergence and later expansion of Homo species across the globe, tropical forest adaptations tend to be eclipsed by open, savanna environments.

East Africa: Dawn of the Swahili Culture

From a linguistic point of view, the “Zanjian” phase appears to be marked not only by a differentiation of the “Proto-Sabaki” language (spoken by Bantus settling between the Tana River and

Across the Indian Ocean: the prehistoric movement of plants and animals

Here is a major research project that is peopling the Indian Ocean with prehistoric seafarers exchanging native crops and stock between Africa and India. Not the least exciting part of the work is

31 South Asia: archaeology

The archaeology of South Asia indicates a spread of agriculture from the northwest, early in the Holocene, together with internal developments of plant domestication in the Deccan and the Ganges

A Review on the Ecology, Evolution and Conservation of Piper (Piperaceae) in India: Future Directions and Opportunities

The taxonomy, ecology and evolution, of Piper species, the threats they face, and further discuss future research directions and suggest ways forward in conserving and effectively utilizing this important plant group in India are reviewed.



Whither--Withering(?)--Hunter-Gatherer Studies?

  • M. Guenther
  • Environmental Science
    Current Anthropology
  • 1995
Swidden succession management also affects game animals for hunting by concentrating some of their food plants. Furthermore, when the animals visit swiddens and home gardens they bring in seeds of

Hunter‐gatherer landscapes and lowland trade in the prehispanic Philippines

Abstract Ethnographers have recently debated two distinct models of hunter‐gatherer and agriculturalist interaction in the tropical forests of island Southeast Asia: (1) the ‘Isolate’ Model,

Hunter-Gatherer Trade in Wild Forest Products in the Early Centuries A.D. with the Port of Broach, India

(Res.d'A.). Two paradigms have been used to described the nature of twentieth-century hunter-gatherers, one focused on ecological approaches, the over emphasizing historical context. This paper

Foraging in tropical rain forests: The case of the penan of Sarawak, East Malaysia (Borneo)

Bailey et al. (1989) and Headland (1987) have recently proposed hypotheses stating that human foragers are unable to live in undisturbed tropical rain forests without some reliance on cultivated

Foragers and Farmers: Population Interaction and Agricultural Expansion in Prehistoric Europe

Susan Alling Gregg presents a sophisticated model for the transition from hunter-gatherer societies tosettled agricultural communities in prehistoric Europe. She proposes that farmers and foragers

Transhumance in Western Rajasthan: Trends and Transformations

The migration of men and livestock between complementary ecological zones is a frequent feature of arid and semi-arid regions,’ which includes the vast arid and semi-arid tracts of the Indian state

The Transition Between Hunting and Gathering and the Specialized Husbandry of Resources: A Socio-ecological Approach [and Comments and Reply]

Our aim in this paper is to make a complete break from the theoretical framework in which the transition from hunting and gathering to herding or cultivation is conceived as an evolutionary

Pastoralism as an Issue in Historical Research

Pastoral production is a component of the South Asian rural economy that has rarely excited curiosity in historical research. Pastoralists who are mobile and do not live iw substantial houses leave

Holocene Foragers and Interethnic Trade: A Critique of the Myth of Isolated Independent Hunter-Gatherers

It is popularly thought that today's existing hunter-gatherers lived until recently in isolation, independent of food-producing peoples. The present thesis takes a different view, proposing that