Forage fish, their fisheries, and their predators: who drives whom?

@article{Engelhard2014ForageFT,
  title={Forage fish, their fisheries, and their predators: who drives whom?},
  author={G. Engelhard and M. Peck and A. Rindorf and Sophie Smout and M. V. Deurs and K. Raab and K. H. Andersen and S. Garthe and R. Lauerburg and F. Scott and T. Brunel and G. Aarts and T. V. Kooten and M. Dickey-Collas},
  journal={Ices Journal of Marine Science},
  year={2014},
  volume={71},
  pages={90-104}
}
The North Sea has a diverse forage fish assemblage, including herring, targeted for human consumption; sandeel, sprat, and Norway pout, exploited by industrial fisheries; and some sardine and anchovy, supporting small-scale fisheries. All show large abundance fluctuations, impacting on fisheries and predators. We review field, laboratory, and modelling studies to investigate the drivers of this complex system of forage fish. Climate clearly influences forage fish productivity; however, any… Expand
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