For Whom Does Hate Crime Hurt More? A Comparison of Consequences of Victimization Across Motives and Crime Types

  title={For Whom Does Hate Crime Hurt More? A Comparison of Consequences of Victimization Across Motives and Crime Types},
  author={Caroline Mellgren and Mika Andersson and A. Ivert},
  journal={Journal of Interpersonal Violence},
  pages={NP1512 - 1536NP}
Hate crimes have been found to have more severe consequences than other parallel crimes that were not motivated by the offenders’ hostility toward someone because of their real or perceived difference. Many countries today have hate crime laws that make it possible to increase the penalties for such crimes. The main critique against hate crime laws is that they punish thoughts. Instead, proponents of hate crime laws argue that sentence enhancement is justified because hate crimes cause greater… Expand
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