Football hooliganism as a transnational phenomenon: Past and present analysis: A critique – More specificity and less generality

  title={Football hooliganism as a transnational phenomenon: Past and present analysis: A critique – More specificity and less generality},
  author={Ram{\'o}n Spaaij},
  journal={The International Journal of the History of Sport},
  pages={411 - 431}
  • R. Spaaij
  • Published 1 April 2007
  • Sociology
  • The International Journal of the History of Sport
Despite the ongoing globalization of football culture and societies at large, there remain important cross-national and cross-local variations in the level and forms of football hooliganism. These dissimilarities thwart efforts to conceptualize and explain football hooliganism as a homogeneous phenomenon and, more specifically, seriously limit the applicability of dominant sociological theories on the subject. The author illustrates his argument with an examination of international research… 

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