Football fans’ views of racism in British football

  title={Football fans’ views of racism in British football},
  author={Jamie Cleland and E. Ellis Cashmore},
  journal={International Review for the Sociology of Sport},
  pages={27 - 43}
This article analyses 2500 responses from association football (soccer) fans to an anonymous online survey conducted from November 2011 to February 2012 that examined the extent of racism in British football. Eighty-three per cent of the participants stated that racism remains culturally embedded and when exploring the reasons behind its continuation from the 1970s and 1980s, Bourdieu’s concepts of field and habitus proved useful for understanding why some white fans continue to express racist… 

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