Food habits and prey selection of tiger and leopard in Mudumalai Tiger Re- serve, Tamil Nadu, India

  title={Food habits and prey selection of tiger and leopard in Mudumalai Tiger Re- serve, Tamil Nadu, India},
  author={Tharmalingam Ramesh and V. R. Snehalatha and Kalyanasundaram Sankar and Qamar Qureshi},
  journal={Scientific Transactions in Enviornment and Technovation},
Food habits and prey selection of tiger (Panthera tigris) and leopard (Panthera pardus) in Mudumalai Tiger Reserve, Tamil Nadu were assessed from January to August 2008. Chital, Axis axis was the most common prey species in the study area with a density of 55.3 ± 6.28 animals/km 2 followed by common langur Presbytis entellus with 25.9 ± 3.59 animals/ km 2 and gaur Bos gaurus with 11.4 ± 2.14 animals/km 2 .The estimated mean biomass of the potential prey species was 8365.02 kg/km 2 . A total of… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Seasonal food habits and prey selection of Amur tigers and Amur leopards in Northeast China

The results of the study suggested that prey preference of predators is largely determined by body size of the prey species, and variation in diet composition of the two felids suggests that resource partitioning may contribute to their coexistence.

Prey selection, food habits and dietary overlap between leopard Panthera pardus (Mammalia: Carnivora) and re-introduced tiger Panthera tigris (Mammalia: Carnivora) in a semi-arid forest of Sariska Tiger Reserve, Western India

Both the predator utilized and preferred prey species in similar way, though there was difference in selection of prey speciesIn terms of sex and age class as observed by kill records, the results suggested considerable overlap between the two carnivores along diet axis.

Diet of Bengal Tigers (Panthera tigris tigris) in Chitwan National Park, Nepal

It is suggested that the tiger depends mostly upon wild prey for its subsistence in the Chitwan National Park, but will also sporadically hunt livestock.

Food Habits of Large Carnivores ( Leopard and Lion ) in Gir National Park and Sanctuary ( GNPS ) , Gujarat , India

Food habits of Leopard (Panthera pardus fusca) and Asiatic lion (P. leo persica) were investigated from 2009 to 2012 in the GNPS, Gujarat. A total of 951 scats were analyzed of which, 480 scats were

Status of leopard Panthera pardus and striped hyena Hyaena hyaena and their prey in Achanakmar Tiger Reserve, Central India

To understand the multi-predator ecosystem and their prey, the present study assessed status of leopard (Panthera pardus) and striped hyena (Hyaena hyaena) (co-predators of tiger) and their prey

Diet and habitat use of the endangered Persian leopard ( Panthera pardus saxicolor ) in northeastern Iran

The results suggest that the Persian leopard prefers mountainous habitats followed by small undulating hills and rough terrain, where prey species are most abundant.

Status of large carnivores and their prey in tropical rainforests of South-western Ghats, India

Information on large carnivores and their prey is generally lacking in many tropical rainforest habitats of the world. During March to October 2006, 2007 and 2010, we conducted sign and automated

Dietary Partitioning in Sympatric Large Carnivores in a Tropical Forest of Western Ghats, India

The results suggest that high density of different-sized prey in Mudumalai Tiger Reserve helped facilitate coexistence of tiger, leopard and dhole, despite the high dietary overlap, although some dietary partitioning was apparent when considering prey size and prey selection.

Density of tiger and leopard in a tropical deciduous forest of Mudumalai Tiger Reserve, southern India, as estimated using photographic capture–recapture sampling

Density of tiger Panthera tigris and leopard Panthera pardus was estimated using photographic capture–recapture sampling in a tropical deciduous forest of Mudumalai Tiger Reserve, southern India,



Prey abundance and food habit of tigers (Panthera tigris tigris) in Pench National Park, Madhya Pradesh, India

The analyses revealed that Pench harbours very high prey density and tigers are mostly dependent on the wild ungulates rather than on domestic livestock as is the case in many other areas in the Indian subcontinent.

Prey abundance and prey selection by tigers ( Panthera tigris ) in a semi-arid, dry deciduous forest in western India

It is revealed that parts of Ranthambhore have high prey abundance, thus making it important for long-term tiger conservation, and tigers were still considerably dependent on domestic livestock, posing challenges for the park management to resolve potential areas of conflict.

prey selection by tiger, leopard and dhole in tropical forests

It is suggested that if there is choice, large carnivores selectively kill larger prey, and non-selective predation patterns reported from other tropical forests may be the result of scarcity of large prey.

Diet and prey profiles of three sympatric large carnivores in Bandipur Tiger Reserve, India

The prediction that abundance of ungulate prey species, as well as their availability in different size classes, are both critical factors that facilitate sympatry among the three predators are supported.

Behavioural correlates of predation by tiger (Panthera tigris), leopard (Panthera pardus) and dhole (Cuon alpinus) in Nagarahole, India

The results suggest that ecological factors, such as adequate availability of appropriate-sized prey, dense cover and high tree densities may be the primary factors in structuring the predator communities of tropical forests.

The Social Organization of Tigers (Panthera Tigris) in Royal Chitawan National Park, Nepal

Sunquist, Melvin E. The Social Organization of Tigers {Panthera tigris) in Royal Chitawan National Park, Nepal. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, number 336, 98 pages, frontispiece, 33 figures,

Tiger Ecology and Conservation in the Indian Subcontinent

The tiger has served as an effective umbrella species in conserving many forms of biodiversity in the Indian subcontinent. During the last three decades, scientific research employing modern methods

Cougar food habits in southern Utah

Diets of cougars were studied from December 1978 to August 1981, on a 4,500km2 study area near Escalante, Utah, and it was determined that the number of "field-collectible" scats produced by gray wolves (Canis lupus) was inversely related to prey size.