Food craving, dietary restraint and mood

@article{Hill1991FoodCD,
  title={Food craving, dietary restraint and mood},
  author={Andrew J Hill and C Weaver and John E Blundell},
  journal={Appetite},
  year={1991},
  volume={17},
  pages={187-197}
}
A common assumption is that dieting causes food cravings, probably as a result of food energy deprivation. This issue was investigated in a two-phase study. In phase one, 206 women completed the Dutch Eating Behaviour Questionnaire, the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire and a food craving scale. A correlational analysis showed food craving to be only weakly related to dietary restraint, but highly and significantly correlated with external eating, emotional eating and susceptibility to hunger… 
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The findings of significant associations of food cravings with lower diet quality, poor eating patterns, and unfavorable body composition strongly support efforts of targeting cravings in behavioral programs for weight management.
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TLDR
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TLDR
These findings suggest that dissociations between hunger and craving are found only for snack-type foods, whereas hunger and general food cravings cohere strongly.
The psychology of food craving*
  • A. Hill
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
  • 2007
TLDR
The popularised account of cravings as elicited by specific nutritional need is having to give way to a more subtle and complex appreciation of human eating behaviour.
The effect of deprivation on food cravings and eating behavior in restrained and unrestrained eaters.
TLDR
Converging measures of craving indicate that deprivation causes craving and overeating, but primarily in restrained eaters.
The experience of food craving: a prospective investigation in healthy women.
TLDR
The food cravings reported by these women were hunger-reducing, mood-improving experiences, directed at wanting to consume highly pleasant tasting food, and should serve as a template for other subject groups and other forms of craving may be explored.
Food cravings and food cue responding across the menstrual cycle in a non-eating disordered sample
TLDR
Cravings for high fat/high sugar foods do not differ between menstrual cycle phases examined, whereas cravings for other foods may fluctuate across cycle phases in non-eating disordered women.
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