Food Allergy in Dogs and Cats: A Review

  title={Food Allergy in Dogs and Cats: A Review},
  author={Ann Verlinden and Myriam Hesta and Sam Millet and Geert P. J. Janssens},
  journal={Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition},
  pages={259 - 273}
Food allergy (FA) is defined as “all immune-mediated reactions following food intake,” in contrast with food intolerance (FI), which is non-immune-mediated. Impairment of the mucosal barrier and loss of oral tolerance are risk factors for the development of FA. Type I, III, and IV hypersensitivity reactions are the most likely immunologic mechanisms. Food allergens are (glyco-)proteins with a molecular weight from 10–70 kDa and are resistant to treatment with heat, acid, and proteases. The… 

Food hypersensitivity in the cat.

Most cases of recurrent lymphoplasmacytic colitis seem to be related to food hypersensitivity, and an elimination diet of one or more foodstuffs, never previously eaten by the cat, is considered optimal by most dermatologists.

Food Allergy in the Cat: A Diagnosis by Elimination

Cutaneous Adverse Reactions to Foods Food Trials and Diet Options

The phrase cutaneous adverse reactions to foods (CARF) is used to reference both food allergy and food intolerance, with virtually no well-documented cases of skin-related food intolerance reported in the dog or cat.

Food allergy in canines: A review

Among all canine species, Labrador and German shepherd were found to be more prone to food allergy and symptoms are similar to other pruritic skin diseases.

The canine model of dietary hypersensitivity

  • M. Day
  • Biology, Medicine
    Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
  • 2005
The dog provides a unique large-animal model for investigation of the immunopathogenesis of human dietary hypersensitivity, and ability to therapeutically manipulate this adverse response in the dog might lead to benefits for human patients.

IgE-dependent reactivity of canine sera from three regions of Poland

Skin reactivity, as well as a serum concentration of IgE specific to dust mites, has been shown to occur in a large number of non-symptomatic dogs, which indicates that sensitization is not always associated with clinical symptoms.

Western blot analysis of sera from dogs with suspected food allergy

Although Cyno-DIAL® was considered potentially useful for identifying appropriate foods for elimination diet trials, it cannot be recommended for the diagnosis of food allergy.

Atopic dermatitis in cats and dogs: a difficult disease for animals and owners

The purpose of this review article is to give an overview of atopic dermatitis in companion animals and of recent developments including knowledge on immunological background, novel treatment options

Immune responses in dogs with cutaneous adverse food reactions

The allergic immune responses in intestine and skin are discussed in this article as well as the potential pathways, e.g. homing of antigen presenting cells or allergen-induced T cells to the skin, of induction of cutaneous symptoms.



Food allergy in dog and cat

Food allergy in the dog or cat can only be described as non-seasonal dermatitis accompanied by scratching, and scratching is nearly always mentioned as the most common sign.

Food hypersensitivity in 20 dogs with skin and gastrointestinal signs.

  • S. Paterson
  • Medicine, Biology
    The Journal of small animal practice
  • 1995
This study records the use of a proprietary dried fish, corn and soya-based diet for the investigation and maintenance of food allergic dogs when fed initially as a restricted allergen diet and then as a maintenance diet after challenge.

Food allergy and dietary intolerance in dogs: A report of 25 cases

The duration of time between challenge and the onset of clinical signs was significantly different between dogs with intolerance to cereal and those intolerant to dairy products.

Food allergy. Part 1: immunopathogenesis and clinical disorders.

  • H. Sampson
  • Medicine
    The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology
  • 1999

Diagnosing cutaneous food allergies in dogs and cats - some practical considerations

  • P. Hill
  • Medicine, Biology
    In Practice
  • 1999
It is important that a rigorous and logical diagnostic approach is applied when attempting to diagnose food allergy, and the many problems and pitfalls which need to be considered before a successful outcome can be expected.

Food hypersensitivity in cats: 14 cases (1982-1987)

Food hypersensitivity was diagnosed in 14 cats; pruritus, alopecia, and papules were the ones most commonly observed and the most common allergens were fish and dairy products.

Role of the elimination diet in adults with food allergy.

Prevalence and causes of food sensitivity in cats with chronic pruritus, vomiting or diarrhea.

The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of food sensitivity in cats with pruritus, chronic vomiting or diarrhea and to identify the foods, food components or food additives responsible for the sensitivities.

Diagnosis of food allergy in dogs.

  • E. Rosser
  • Medicine, Biology
    Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
  • 1993
Findings indicated that the recommendation of a 3-week elimination-diet trial for diagnosis of food allergy was adequate for only 25% of the dogs, and it is recommended that test diets be fed for at least 10 weeks before a food allergy is ruled out.