Follow-up of a cross-national comparison on flashbulb and event memory for the September 11th attacks

@article{Curci2006FollowupOA,
  title={Follow-up of a cross-national comparison on flashbulb and event memory for the September 11th attacks},
  author={Antonietta Curci and Olivier Luminet},
  journal={Memory},
  year={2006},
  volume={14},
  pages={329 - 344}
}
Flashbulb memories are defined as vivid and long-lasting memories for the reception context of an important public event (Brown & Kulik, 1977). They are supposed to be triggered by both emotional reactions to the original event and rehearsal processes (Brown & Kulik, 1977; Finkenauer, Luminet, Gisle, El-Ahmadi, van der Linden, & Philippot, 1998; Neisser & Harsch, 1992). A test-retest design (21 vs 524 days after the event on average) was employed to assess flashbulb memory and event memory for… 
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This study investigated the moderating effect of culture for various predictors of FBM in five countries: China, Germany, Turkey, the UK, and the USA and indicated that the effects of national importance and rehearsal of the reception context were consistent across cultures.
A ten-year follow-up of a study of memory for the attack of September 11, 2001: Flashbulb memories and memories for flashbulb events.
TLDR
The study examines retention of flashbulb memories and event memories at a substantially longer retention interval than any previous study using a test-retest methodology, allowing for the study of such memories over the long term.
The emotional and reconstructive determinants of emotional memories: An experimental approach to flashbulb memory investigation
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Two studies revealed that simply being in an emotional state allows people to remember all available information, such as irrelevant and unrelated details, and the resulting memories are affected by reconstructive processes so that they are not as accurate as their richness of details would suggest.
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