Follow-up of a cross-national comparison on flashbulb and event memory for the September 11th attacks

  title={Follow-up of a cross-national comparison on flashbulb and event memory for the September 11th attacks},
  author={Antonietta Curci and Olivier Luminet},
  pages={329 - 344}
Flashbulb memories are defined as vivid and long-lasting memories for the reception context of an important public event (Brown & Kulik, 1977). They are supposed to be triggered by both emotional reactions to the original event and rehearsal processes (Brown & Kulik, 1977; Finkenauer, Luminet, Gisle, El-Ahmadi, van der Linden, & Philippot, 1998; Neisser & Harsch, 1992). A test-retest design (21 vs 524 days after the event on average) was employed to assess flashbulb memory and event memory for… 
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Effects of age on phenomenology and consistency of flashbulb memories of September 11 and a staged control event.
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The rate of forgetting for flashbulb memories and event memory (memory for details about the event itself) slows after a year, and the strong emotional reactions elicited by flash Bulb events are remembered poorly, worse than nonemotional features such as where and from whom one learned of the attack.
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A ten-year follow-up of a study of memory for the attack of September 11, 2001: Flashbulb memories and memories for flashbulb events.
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Two studies revealed that simply being in an emotional state allows people to remember all available information, such as irrelevant and unrelated details, and the resulting memories are affected by reconstructive processes so that they are not as accurate as their richness of details would suggest.


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The results indicated that the flashbulb memory for Mitterrand's death is affected by group provenance, as French people showed higher levels of recall for the flash Bulb memory attributes and their determinants than Belgian people.
The Cognitive, Emotional, and Social Impacts of the September 11 Attacks: Group Differences in Memory for the Reception Context and the Determinants of Flashbulb Memory
Group differences in memories for hearing the news of and reactions to the September 11 attacks in 2001 showed large differences in self-rated importance of the news and in memory for event-related facts and within non-U.S. groups, there were large differences for emotional-feeling states and moderate differences for personal rehearsal, background knowledge, and attitudes toward the United States.
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Flashbulb memories are defined as vivid, long-lasting, and detailed memories for the circumstances in which people learned of shocking and important public events, that is the so-called reception
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