Focusing on Self or Others Has Different Consequences for Psychological Well-Being: A Longitudinal Study of the Effects of Distinct Interpersonal Goals

  title={Focusing on Self or Others Has Different Consequences for Psychological Well-Being: A Longitudinal Study of the Effects of Distinct Interpersonal Goals},
  author={Joana Duarte and Jos{\'e} Pinto-Gouveia},
  journal={Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology},
A longitudinal study examined the association between interpersonal goals (self-image and compassionate goals) and depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms. We propose that having self-image goals (trying to create and manage a positive image) may lead to psychological distress, while genuinely taking others’ needs into account and caring for their welfare (compassionate goals) may promote psychological well-being. The sample was composed by 161 university students (151 female, 8 male) who… 
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