Focus on Formative Feedback

  title={Focus on Formative Feedback},
  author={Valerie J. Shute},
  journal={Review of Educational Research},
  • V. Shute
  • Published 1 March 2008
  • Psychology
  • Review of Educational Research
This article reviews the corpus of research on feedback, with a focus on formative feedback—defined as information communicated to the learner that is intended to modify his or her thinking or behavior to improve learning. According to researchers, formative feedback should be nonevaluative, supportive, timely, and specific. Formative feedback is usually presented as information to a learner in response to some action on the learner’s part. It comes in a variety of types (e.g., verification of… 

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