Focus of attention in recall of active and passive sentences

@article{Turner1968FocusOA,
  title={Focus of attention in recall of active and passive sentences},
  author={E. A. Turner and R. Rommetveit},
  journal={Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior},
  year={1968},
  volume={7},
  pages={543-548}
}
An attempt was made to manipulate the voice in which sentences were remembered by varying the focus of the child's attention both at the time of sentence storage and at the time of sentence retrieval. The storage and retrieval pictures were pictures of the actor element, the acted-upon element, and a picture of the total sentence content. The pictures, both those presented at storage and those presented at retrieval, tended to be effective in manipulating the voice of the sentence recalled. The… Expand
Memory for Sentences: The Subject Superiority Effect
Three experiments are reported on subject noun superiority in cued recall from S-V-O sentences. In Experiment I surface subjects were superior cues across a wide variety of conditions when the orderExpand
Attention and Memory Play Different Roles in Syntactic Choice During Sentence Production
ABSTRACT Attentional control of referential information is an important contributor to the structure of discourse. We investigated how attention and memory interplay during visually situated sentenceExpand
A functional MRI study of a picture–sentence verification task: evidence of attention shift to the grammatical subject
TLDR
Findings suggest that the attention was initially allocated to an object encoded as the grammatical subject in the process of linking the content of a sentence with a visual event, and the Attention was shifted from the cued object to the other object under the conditions discussed above. Expand
The effect of pictorial context on sentence memory in Broca's and Wernicke's aphasia
TLDR
Verbal memory declined rapidly after an interval in aphasic patients, but not in normal subjects, and the Broca's and the Wernicke's aphasics demonstrated different performance patterns when semantic analysis of sentences was critical. Expand
The Interaction of Subjectivization and Concept Placement in the Processing of Cleft Sentences
  • J. Engelkamp, H. Zimmer
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The Quarterly journal of experimental psychology. A, Human experimental psychology
  • 1982
TLDR
The four experiments described in this paper confirmed predictions that the speaker might be expected to avoid sentences in which the “marked-off” concept is not at the same time subjectized and that the listener should be irritated by, and rate negatively, sentences with two competing attentional foci. Expand
Attention and syntax in sentence production: A critical review
People often speak about visually perceived events that unfold in real time. In doing so speakers regularly translate the details of the visual world they describe onto the grammatical properties ofExpand
Recall of full and truncated passive sentences in connected discourse
Ss of ages 5, 6, 8, 10, 12, and 20 retold stories presented in full passive sentences (with mention of actor) and truncated passives (without mention of actor). While there was a general tendency toExpand
The development of sentence interpretation: effects of perceptual, attentional and semantic interference.
TLDR
Children's and adults' comprehension of morphosyntactically varied sentences under several competing speech conditions that varied in the degree of attentional demands, auditory masking, and semantic interference is explored. Expand
Effects of textual and cohesive structure on discourse processing
Results from two experiments are presented that tested the hypothesis that processing is facilitated when there is a correspondence between discourse focus and two types of markers of text coherence:Expand
The Effects of Case On the Processing of Noun Phrases
TLDR
An operation known as the Question Technique, which measures time taken to process various relations in sentences, was used to assess the effects of position and case of nouns on adult comprehension of noun phrases, suggesting that it is the noun's functional relationship with the verb rather than its animateness that is the important dimension of case for listeners. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-5 OF 5 REFERENCES
Experimental Manipulation of the Production of Active and Passive Voice in Children
TLDR
Two experiments were carried out in an attempt to manipulate the voice in which children encoded a denotative domain of events, and when the acted-upon element or recipient of the action was presented first, there tended to be an increase in the number of passive voice sentences produced. Expand
The acquisition of sentence voice and reversibility.
TLDR
Primary grade children were tested for their ability to imitate, comprehend, and produce active and passive sentences and reversible and nonreversible sentences and sentence voice was found to be stronger than the effect of sentence reversibility. Expand
Response strength of single words as an influence in sentence behavior
Active or passive sentences were learned in response to nouns. In one set of either construction the first noun was elicited as primary word associate to a stimulus noun, and in re-paired sets theExpand
Statistical Principles in Experimental Design
CHAPTER 1: Introduction to Design CHAPTER 2: Principles of Estimation and Inference: Means and Variance CHAPTER 3: Design and Analysis of Single-Factor Experiments: Completely Randomized DesignExpand
Process and Content in Psycholinguistics.