Focal retrograde amnesia and the attribution of causality: An exceptionally critical view

@article{Kopelman2000FocalRA,
  title={Focal retrograde amnesia and the attribution of causality: An exceptionally critical view},
  author={M. Kopelman},
  journal={Cognitive Neuropsychology},
  year={2000},
  volume={17},
  pages={585 - 621}
}
  • M. Kopelman
  • Published 2000
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Cognitive Neuropsychology
A detailed critique of the literature on focal retrograde amnesia is provided. Some of the cases commonly cited in this literature had, in fact, severely impaired anterograde memory, most often involving visuospatial material. Other cases showed poor anterograde memory in more moderate or subtle form, begging the question of whether “like” had really been compared with “like” across the retrograde and anterograde domains: there may be alternative explanations for the observed patterns of… Expand
Focal retrograde amnesia and the attribution of causality: An exceptionally benign commentary
  • N. Kapur
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Cognitive neuropsychology
  • 2000
TLDR
It is concluded that although some patients with focal retrograde amnesia may represent a diagnostic dilemma when it comes to attributing causality, those who are shown to have a clear neural basis to their memory loss provide an avenue for exploring the brain's plasticity in accommodating the formation of new memories despite the loss of equivalent old memories. Expand
The loss of episodic memories in retrograde amnesia: single-case and group studies.
  • M. Kopelman, N. Kapur
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences
  • 2001
TLDR
Theories of retrograde amnesia have encompassed storage versus access disruption, physiological processes of 'consolidation', the progressive transformation of episodic memories into a more 'semantic' form, and multiple-trace theory. Expand
Functional focal retrograde amnesia: Lost access to abstract autobiographical knowledge?
We describe three patients exhibiting an acute reversible amnesia characterised by an impaired recollection of past events with preserved anterograde memory, thus consistent with a focal retrogradeExpand
Visual memory loss and autobiographical amnesia: a case study
TLDR
A patients suffers from long-term visual memory loss along with some semantic deficits; he also manifests a severe retrograde amnesia and moderate anterograde amnesia; it is suggested that his visual deficits may be contributing to his autobiographical amnesia. Expand
On remembering and forgetting our autobiographical pasts: Retrograde amnesia and Andrew Mayes’s contribution to neuropsychological method
TLDR
There are two requirements for better understanding of the nature of retrograde amnesia: a tighter, Mayesian attention to method in terms of both the neuropsychology and neuroimaging in investigations of retrogrades, and acknowledging that there may be multiple factors underlying a temporal gradient, and that episodic and semantic memory show important interdependencies at both encoding and retrieval. Expand
Anomalies of Autobiographical Memory
  • M. Kopelman
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society
  • 2019
TLDR
Observations point to the importance of frontal ‘control’ systems (in interaction with medial temporal/hippocampal systems) in the retrieval and, more particularly, the disrupted retrieval of ‘old’ memories. Expand
Retrograde amnesia and malingering
TLDR
Current and previous studies are reviewed that addresses the assessment of malingered retrograde amnesia and evidences that a critical moment has been reached are reached. Expand
Focal retrograde amnesia documented with matching anterograde and retrograde procedures
  • L. Manning
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Neuropsychologia
  • 2002
TLDR
Possible mechanisms underlying CH's focal retrograde amnesia are discussed in terms of Damasio's time-locked multiregional retroactivation model. Expand
The Impact of Disrupted Cortico-Cortico Connectivity: a Long-Term Follow-Up of a Case of Focal Retrograde Amnesia
TLDR
It was showed that, several years post-onset, JM experienced considerable impairment in episodic retrograde memory, with normal anterograde autobiographical memory, unlike some other cases of FRA. Expand
Retrograde memory loss.
  • M. Kopelman
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Handbook of clinical neurology
  • 2008
TLDR
Various dissociations in RA are considered, including that between autobiographical and the more semantic aspects of RA, and the putative influence of psychogenic factors on RA is described. Expand
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