The right motor cortex was electrically stimulated in adult, awake rats for 45 min. Local cerebral glucose utilization (LCGU) was measured in white matter pathways with the (14C)-2-deoxyglucose method. Stimulation increased LCGU in focal regions of the right internal capsule to 51.3 mumol/100 g/min, compared to 39.8 on the control left side. Stimulation also increased LCGU in the right, medial pontine pyramidal tract to 36.2 mumol/100 g/min, compared with 27.3 on the control left side. The data demonstrate that electrical stimulation of motor cortex neurons increases LCGU 30 to 40% in the efferent myelinated axons of those neurons.