Focal cortical dysplasia: a review of pathological features, genetics, and surgical outcome.

@article{Wang2006FocalCD,
  title={Focal cortical dysplasia: a review of pathological features, genetics, and surgical outcome.},
  author={Vincent Yat Wang and Edward F. Chang and Nicholas M. Barbaro},
  journal={Neurosurgical focus},
  year={2006},
  volume={20 1},
  pages={
          E7
        }
}
Focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) is found in approximately one-half of patients with medically refractory epilepsy. These lesions may involve only mild disorganization of the cortex, but they may also contain abnormal neuronal elements such as balloon cells. Advances in neuroimaging have allowed better identification of these lesions, and thus more patients have become surgical candidates. Molecular biology techniques have been used to explore the genetics and pathophysiological characteristics… CONTINUE READING
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