Fly and Elephant parties: Political polarization in Dahomey, 1840–1870

  title={Fly and Elephant parties: Political polarization in Dahomey, 1840–1870},
  author={John Charles Yoder},
  journal={The Journal of African History},
  pages={417 - 432}
  • J. Yoder
  • Published 1 July 1974
  • History, Political Science
  • The Journal of African History
Analysis of eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Dahomean history reveals, not the existence of an absolute despotism, but the presence of a complex and institutionalized political process responsive to the needs and demands of Dahomeans from every part of the country. Each year at Xwetanù (Annual Customs), Dahomean officials met to discuss and decide administrative, military, economic, and diplomatic policies of the nation. In the mid-nineteenth century an obvious polarization developed as two… 
23 Citations

The Anti-Slave Trade Theme in Dahoman History: An Examination of the Evidence

  • D. Ross
  • History
    History in Africa
  • 1982
Eighteenth- and nineteenth-century travelers who described pre-colonial Dahomey all stressed that the Dahomans were dedicated, enthusiastic slavers. The kingdom's first historian, Archibald Dalzel,

Slave-Raiders and Middlemen, Monopolists and Free-Traders: the supply of slaves for the Atlantic trade in Dahomey c. 1715–1850

  • R. Law
  • History, Economics
    The Journal of African History
  • 1989
This article, which extends and modifies the analysis offered in an earlier article in this journal (1977), examines what is known of the organization of the supply of slaves for the trans-Atlantic

On the Trail of the Bush King: A Dahomean Lesson in the Use of Evidence

  • E. Bay
  • History
    History in Africa
  • 1979
Twentieth-century historians of the Fon kingdom of Dahomey have been blessed with an unusually rich and accessible body of primary source material. Published in English and French by a succession of

European Models and West African History. Further Comments on the Recent Historiography of Dahomey

  • D. Ross
  • History
    History in Africa
  • 1983
Pre-colonial Dahomey's two most recent historians, Isaac A. Akinjogbin and John C. Yoder, have argued that Dahomey was a progressive nation that had much in common with the states of the modern West.

Angola and Mozambique, 1870–1905

The inception of the scramble for Africa obliged Portugal to act on what had been an established ideal for many centuries. Whereas their contemporaries in other European countries had eschewed the

Belief, Legitimacy and the Kpojito: An Institutional History of the ‘Queen Mother’ in Precolonial Dahomey

  • E. Bay
  • History
    The Journal of African History
  • 1995
This article traces chronologically the rise and fall of the office of the kpojito, the female reign-mate to the kings of Dahomey. The women who became kpojito in the eighteenth century were central

‘My Head Belongs to the King’: On the Political and Ritual Significance of Decapitation in Pre-Colonial Dahomey

  • R. Law
  • History
    The Journal of African History
  • 1989
The kings of Dahomey in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries claimed to ‘own’ the heads of all their subjects. Contemporary European observers of the pre-colonial period understood this claim in

French Congo and Gabon 1886–1905

In 1885 the European opening up of Gabon and Congo had only just begun. The intervention of metropolitan France in the archaic and brutal form of the regime concessionnaire copied from the Leopoldian

The European Scramble and Conquest in African History

African history has been too much dominated by blanket terms, generalisations which prompt comparisons rather than contrasts. African authorities lost the race for power and, as they did so, became

Southern Africa, 1867–1886

In 1870, the political economy of Southern Africa was characterised by tremendous regional diversity. The discovery and subsequent mining of diamonds and gold in southern Africa in the 1870s and



On the African Role in the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade in Dahomey.

Between the end of the seventeenth century and the end of the nineteenth some seven million Africans were transported from the west coast of Africa to the American continent and the West Indies, many

The Career of Domingo Martinez in the Bight of Benin 1833–64

  • D. Ross
  • History
    The Journal of African History
  • 1965
The career of Martinez provides a guide to the economic and political fortunes of the Brazilians in the coastal States of the Bight of Benin in the eighteen-forties, fifties, and early sixties. The

Christianity and Politics in Dahomey, 1843–1867

A study of the interaction between the aims of African rulers, the British and Gold Coast governments, and Wesleyan missionaries in Dahomey between 1843 and 1867 suggests that neither Africans nor

The Development of Indigenous Trade and Markets in West Africa

both the official and private levels, as indicated by the numerous institutions that exist in these countries to facilitate further investment: the National Development Bank in Zaire, the New

The Fon Of Dahomey

" Burton , A Mission to Gelele , 1 , 375 - 6