There is an association between depression and chronic pain, and some antidepressants exert antinociceptive effects in humans and laboratory animals. We examined the effects of fluvoxamine, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, on mechanical allodynia and its mechanism of action in the mouse chronic pain model, which was prepared by partially ligating the sciatic nerve. The antiallodynic effect was measured using the von Frey test. Fluvoxamine produced antiallodynic effects following both systemic and intrathecal administration. In 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)-depleted mice, prepared by intracerebroventricular injection of 5,7-dihyroxytryptamine, the fluvoxamine-induced antiallodynic effect was significantly attenuated. The antiallodynic effects of systemic fluvoxamine were also reduced by both systemic and intrathecal administration of ketanserin, a 5-HT2A/2C receptor antagonist. In addition, fluvoxamine also induced antinociceptive effect in the acute paw pressure test, and this effect was antagonized by the 5-HT3 receptor antagonist granisetron. These results indicate that fluvoxamine exerts its antiallodynic effects on neuropathic pain via descending 5-HT fibers and spinal 5-HT2A or 5-HT2C receptors, and the antinociception on acute mechanical pain via 5-HT3 receptors.