Flustered and faithful: embarrassment as a signal of prosociality.

@article{Feinberg2012FlusteredAF,
  title={Flustered and faithful: embarrassment as a signal of prosociality.},
  author={Matthew Feinberg and Robb Willer and Dacher Keltner},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  year={2012},
  volume={102 1},
  pages={
          81-97
        }
}
Although individuals experience embarrassment as an unpleasant, negative emotion, the authors argue that expressions of embarrassment serve vital social functions, signaling the embarrassed individual's prosociality and fostering trust. Extending past research on embarrassment as a nonverbal apology and appeasement gesture, the authors demonstrate that observers recognize the expression of embarrassment as a signal of prosociality and commitment to social relationships. In turn, observers… Expand
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