Fluoroquinolone Impact on Nasal Methicillin-Resistant and Methicillin-Sensitive Staphylococcus aureus Colonization Durations in Neurologic Long-Term-Care Facilities.

Abstract

Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage is a risk factor for subsequent infection. Estimates of colonization duration vary widely among studies, and factors influencing the time to loss of colonization, especially the impact of antibiotics, remain unclear. We conducted a prospective study on patients naive for S. aureus colonization in 4 French long-term-care facilities. Data on nasal colonization status and potential factors for loss of colonization were collected weekly. We estimated methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) and methicillin-sensitive S. aureus (MSSA) colonization durations using the Kaplan-Meier method and investigated factors for loss of colonization using shared-frailty Cox proportional hazards models. A total of 285 S. aureus colonization episodes were identified in 149 patients. The median time to loss of MRSA or MSSA colonization was 3 weeks (95% confidence interval, 2 to 8 weeks) or 2 weeks (95% confidence interval, 2 to 3 weeks), respectively. In multivariable analyses, the methicillin resistance phenotype was not associated with S. aureus colonization duration (P = 0.21); the use of fluoroquinolones (hazard ratio, 3.37; 95% confidence interval, 1.31 to 8.71) and having a wound positive for a nonnasal strain (hazard ratio, 2.17; 95% confidence interval, 1.15 to 4.07) were associated with earlier loss of MSSA colonization, while no factor was associated with loss of MRSA colonization. These results suggest that the methicillin resistance phenotype does not influence the S. aureus colonization duration and that fluoroquinolones are associated with loss of MSSA colonization but not with loss of MRSA colonization.

DOI: 10.1128/AAC.01338-15

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Cite this paper

@article{Couderc2015FluoroquinoloneIO, title={Fluoroquinolone Impact on Nasal Methicillin-Resistant and Methicillin-Sensitive Staphylococcus aureus Colonization Durations in Neurologic Long-Term-Care Facilities.}, author={Clotilde Couderc and Anne C. M. Thi{\'e}baut and Christine Lawrence and Coralie Bouchiat and Jean-Louis Herrmann and J{\'e}r{\^o}me Salomon and Didier Guillemot}, journal={Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy}, year={2015}, volume={59 12}, pages={7621-8} }