Rapid Preparation of Fluorescent 9-Anthrylmethyl Esters for Fatty Acid Analysis of Small Amount of Triacylglycerols
A number of fluorogenic reactions, which have been used for HPLC detection systems by means of pre- and/or postcolumn derivatization, are surveyed with respect to both sensitivity and selectivity for the determination of biomedically important substances. For the derivatization of the substances, two types of fluorogenic reactions, fluorescence-generating and fluorescence-tagging, have been studied. The former are usable in most instances for both pre- and postcolumn derivatization methods, and the latter only for precolumn derivatization methods. HPLC methods utilizing the fluorogenic reactions allow analytes to be detected at picomole-subfemtomole levels. In the fluorescence-generating reactions, several fluorogenic reagents possessing two or more reactive sites in the molecule, which show molecular recognition for a variety of analytes, permit facile and reproducible detection in HPLC because there are fewer interferences from biological matrices.