Fluoride concentrations in a range of ready-to-drink beverages consumed in Heilongjiang Province, north-east China

  title={Fluoride concentrations in a range of ready-to-drink beverages consumed in Heilongjiang Province, north-east China},
  author={Ying Liu and Anne Maguire and Guan Tianqui and Shi Yanguo and Fatemeh V Zohoori},
  journal={Nutrition and Health},
  pages={25 - 32}
Consumption of ready-to-drink beverages, as a potential source of fluoride (F), has increased considerably in China over the last decade. To help inform the public and policy makers, this study aimed to measure F concentration of ready-to-drink beverages on sale in Heilongjiang province, north east China. Three batches of 106 drink products manufactured by 26 companies were purchased from the main national supermarkets in Harbin, Heilongjiang province, China. The F concentration of all samples… Expand
Fluoride in tea from Shandong Province, China and exposure assessment
The estimated daily intake of fluoride via drinking tea for an adult was lower than the provisional maximum tolerable daily intake value of 3.5 mg/person/day set by the National Health and Family Planning Commission of the People's Republic of China. Expand
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The main objective of this study was to determine the levels of fluoride in soft drinks (Coca Cola, Pepsi, Mirinda, Fanta and Sprite) marketed and widely consumed in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. ThreeExpand
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In the present study, the fluoride (F) concentration, estimated daily intake (EDI), and non-carcinogenic risk of different fruit juices were determined. A total of 135 fruit juice samples fromExpand
Health risk assessment of nitrate and fluoride in bottled water: a case study of Iran
The results revealed that 100% of nitrate and 70% of fluoride in samples had concentrations greater than the levels reported on bottle labels, indicating potential adverse non-carcinogenic health effects upon consumption. Expand


Fluoride in drinking water, brick tea infusion and human urine in two counties in Inner Mongolia, China.
The higher fluoride levels in the urine of participants may be associated to higher fluoride in drinking water at ZhalaiNuoer of Manzhouli city, however, drinking brick tea infusions with higher fluoride may be the cause of the higher fluoride contents in Mongolia herdsmen's urine. Expand
Assessment of fluoride concentration and daily intake by human from tea and herbal infusions.
The fluoride content in infusions of commercially available black, green, oolong, pu-erh and white teas was determined by ion-selective electrode and it is found that brewing time does increase the fluoride content, which ininfusions of black tea (5 min brewing) was higher than that in the other types of tea. Expand
Health risk assessment of fluoride in drinking water from Anhui Province in China
Results indicated that measures should be taken to increase fluoride intake in the Jianghuai hill region, Dabieshan mountainous region, plain along the Yangtze River, and southern Anhui mountainous region to control dental caries, and the fluoride levels must be reduced in the Huaibei plain region to decrease endemic fluorosis. Expand
Fluoride levels in various black tea commodities: measurement and safety evaluation.
It is necessary to establish reliable fluoride surveillance in food and beverage commodities and conduct additional epidemiological research on fluoride hazards and it is urgent that governmental and international agencies adopt safe standards of fluoride content in tea commodities. Expand
Fluoride content of still bottled waters available in the North–East of England, UK
Bottled water, from those sampled, is unlikely to make an important contribution to total fluoride intake in British diets, and consumption of bottled water containing a negligible amount of fluoride in preference to fluoridated tap water might result in less than optimal fluoride ingestion in young people. Expand
[Daily intake of plain water and beverages of primary and middle school students in four cities of China].
  • S. Du, Xiao-qi Hu, +7 authors G. Ma
  • Medicine
  • Zhonghua yu fang yi xue za zhi [Chinese journal of preventive medicine]
  • 2013
The major drinking water of primary and middle school students in four cities of China was plain water, and the amounts of consumption of plain water and beverages varied in different cities, urban and rural and levels of education. Expand
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The use of high fluoride-content coal caused the severe coal-burning endemic fluorosis in Zhijin County, Guizhou Province, China. The long-term mine exploitation in this region is as an importantExpand
Fluid intake of adults in four Chinese cities.
Almost 32% of the subjects drank less water than the amount recommended by the Chinese Nutrition Society (1,200 mL/day) and 71.6% of participants lacked knowledge of these recommendations, and 48.3% of them drank water only when they felt thirsty. Expand
Effect of Cooking Vessel Composition on Fluoride
To evaluate the effect of container composition on the fluoride available for incorporation into cooked foods, water was boiled in typical cooking vessels and the changes in fluoride concentration were measured. Expand
Effect of boiling and storage in five different commonly used cooking vessels on water fluoride concentration
To evaluate the effect of cooking vessel composition on the concentration of fluoride in the water used for cooking and also its effect on fluoride levels after storage for 24 hours. Standard waterExpand