Fluorescence in situ hybridization evaluation of c-erbB-2 gene amplification and chromosomal anomalies in bladder cancer.

Abstract

Oncogene amplification and chromosomal anomalies are found in many solid tumors and are often associated with aggressiveness of cancer. We evaluated the frequency and the role of c-erbB-2 gene amplification, relative increase in c-erbB-2 gene copy number, and gain of chromosome 17 in bladder cancer. A total of 29 bladder cancer specimens were examined using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Dual labeling hybridization with a directly labeled centromere probe for chromosome 17 together with a probe for the c-erbB-2 locus was performed. c-erbB-2 gene amplification was found in 3.4% (1 of 29) of specimens. Relative increase in c-erbB-2 gene copy number was found in 41.4% (12 of 29) of specimens and was significantly associated with tumor grade (P = 0.044 by Fisher's exact test). Gain of chromosome 17 was identified in 65.5% (19 of 29) of specimens and was significantly associated with tumor grade (P = 0.002 by Fisher's exact test) and tumor stage (P = 0.003 by Fisher's exact test). Our results suggest that c-erbB-2 gene amplification, relative increase in c-erbB-2 gene copy number, and gain of chromosome 17 may play important roles in the development and progression of bladder cancers. Moreover, the use of c-erbB-2 amplification, relative increase in c-erbB-2 gene copy number, and gain of chromosome 17 using FISH, together with tumor grade and stage, may provide a more useful clinical indicator in bladder cancer.

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Cite this paper

@article{Ohta2001FluorescenceIS, title={Fluorescence in situ hybridization evaluation of c-erbB-2 gene amplification and chromosomal anomalies in bladder cancer.}, author={Junichi Ohta and Yasuo Miyoshi and Hideki Uemura and Kiyoshi Fujinami and Kunihisa Mikata and Masahiko Hosaka and Yoriko Tokita and Yasue Kubota}, journal={Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research}, year={2001}, volume={7 8}, pages={2463-7} }